Varicose veins affect men and women of varied age groups and if detected in early stages can be managed by regular exercise and massage to those areas. But when they become larger and deeper at advanced stages causing symptoms like pain and cramps in legs and restless leg syndrome it becomes difficult to manage them with home treatments. Varicose veins generally are a result of long hours of standing in the same position leading to poor blood circulation and stressed veins. Scientists have not been able to find a common cause for this illness and people generally use compression stockings or prescription stockings to avoid this problem from aggravating.
- Medical reasons behind varicose veins – These are caused by loss of elasticity in veins causing them to stretch and enlarge as they become varicose. Sometimes pregnant women also tend to develop varicose veins as pregnancy reduces flow of blood upward from legs to pelvis region and also due to hormonal changes in the body.
- Self-care during varicose veins – To reduce chances of varicose veins being painful and leading to invasive procedures it is ideal to follow a rigorous exercise regimen which will reduce weight. To reduce pain in legs keep them elevated and avoid standing up or sitting down for long periods.
Surgical treatments for Varicose Veins
- Sclerotherapy – This treatment for varicose veins is done by injection of medication into a patient’s veins which makes them shrink to normal size so they do not appear bloated under the skin. This is the quickest procedure to treat varicose veins which takes around 20-30 minutes. A new kind of Sclerotherapy has become popular in Austin Texas, for treatment of varicose veins called Foam Sclerotherapy in which foamed medication is injected into patient’s infected veins.
- Ambulatory Phlebectomy – This procedure has to be done by an experienced dermatologist as it involves making small punctures on the skin and removing small varicose veins. The area where punctures are made is injected with anesthesia to numb it and patient does not require hospitalization as within a couple of hours they can start walking. With dedicated skin care you can reduce any signs of punctures as these are only skin deep and do not leave scars.
- Endovenous Laser Treatment – For removal of aggravated varicose veins and resulting pain you can take advice of experienced dermatologist like Dr. Steven Zimmet in Austin, Texas. He will skillfully deliver pulses of laser light into the vein making them collapse and shut down naturally. This intravenous laser treatment is carried out under local anesthesia and patient can recover within hours of the procedure.
- Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy – Sometimes the varicose veins are deep under the skin and cannot be traced without the help of ultrasound machine. Through this treatment done under local anesthesia, Dr. Steven Zimmet can deliver laser directly into the deep veins after tracing them out through ultrasound to close them permanently.
- Catheter Assisted Treatment – In this dermatology procedure the physician inserts a thin catheter into an enlarged varicose vein and then heats the tip. When the warm catheter is pulled out it destroys the vein causing it to permanently seal shut.