Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a condition that occurs when the venous wall and/or valves in the leg veins are not working properly. This makes it difficult for blood to return to the heart from the legs.
What Are The Symptoms?
So how do you know if you have CVI? The seriousness of the symptoms increase as the disease progresses. This is why it is crucial to see a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.
- Swelling in the lower legs and ankles
- Aching or tender legs
- New varicose veins
- Flakey or itchy legs
- Leathery looking skin on legs
If you do not treat CVI immediately, the pressure and swelling increase until blood vessels burst. CVI is often associated with varicose veins, which are twisted, enlarged veins close to the surface of the skin.
How To Manage This Disease
It is easier to manage CVI at its earlier stages. Some of the basic treatments include:
- Avoid long periods of standing or sitting – if you must sit or stand for a long period of time, flex and extend your legs and feet every 30 minutes to keep blood flowing.
- Exercise – exercise regularly, walking daily is often beneficial.
- Elevate your legs – when sitting or laying down, elevate your legs above your heart.
- Wear compression stockings
- Take antibiotics as needed