Even though May is almost over, we’re not done observing Skin Cancer Detection and Prevention Month! We want everyone to be more aware of this exceedingly common condition and to spread that awareness to family and friends.
To learn more about skin cancer (or to test your current knowledge), take this short quiz. You’ll find the answers below (but no peeking!)
1) Which one of the following is a risk factor for skin cancer?
A. Having relatives who have had skin cancer
B. Having a lot of moles on the body
C. Being fair-skinned
D. All of the above
2) Most skin cancers get cured.
3) Who is most at risk for skin cancer?
4) The most dangerous form of skin cancer usually looks like:
A. A red, scaly patch
B. A large red bump
C. A small, shiny mole with a central depression
D. A large, irregular mole
5) Only a doctor can detect skin cancer early — self-exams are a waste of time.
6) Because you got sunburned, your risk of developing skin cancer has increased.
7) Skin cancer is definitively diagnosed by:
B. Visual observation
C. Skin biopsy
D. All of the above
8) What U.S. state has the highest number of skin cancer cases?
9) Which country has the highest number of skin cancer cases?
B. United States
10) Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S.
1) D, All of the above
2) True – Most cases of skin cancer are cured, but it is still a major health concern because it affects so many people and if it is melanoma, it is only easily cured if it is detected early.
3) Men – skin cancer is about three times more likely in men than in women.
4) D, a large, irregular mole – Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer and is visible as an irregular mole on the skin. Find out what “irregular” means in this previous post.
5) False – Patients themselves are the first line of defense against the progression of skin cancer, because they can routinely check themselves for abnormal moles or lesions on the skin. *Patients cannot diagnose themselves, however. If something looks suspicious they should have a dermatologist examine it.
6) True – Yes, individual sunburns increase your risk of melanoma, as does everyday sun exposure that doesn’t result in a burn.
7) C, Skin biopsy – Doctors will perform a skin biopsy on any suspicious moles or lesions to conclusively determine if there is cancer. The procedure involves removing a tiny sample of the lesion and sending it to a lab for testing.
8) B, California – Sunny California leads the nation in the number of skin cancer cases; Texas comes in 4th place after Florida and New York.
9) C, Australia – Those with lighter skin are more susceptible to skin cancer, especially when they live in a place that enjoys intense sunshine. Australians suffer the most from skin cancer, as the country was largely settled by those of Irish and English descent.
10) True – Skin cancer accounts for 75 percent of all cancer diagnoses in America.
Thanks for taking the quiz — you’re now a bit more knowledgeable about skin cancer. Feel free to share with friends and family and see how everyone measures up!
And if you need to make an appointment with an Austin dermatologist, look no further than Dr. Zimmet of Zimmet Vein & Dermatology. He has over thirty years experience in the field and can help you get the answers you need about your skin. Contact or call our office today.